NECESSARY (and boring) HISTORY:
Nova Scotia (also known as Acadia) is a Canadian province located in Canada’s Maritimes. During the first 150 years of European settlement, the colony was primarily made up of Catholic Acadians (French). This time period involved six wars in which the French and some Acadians resisted the British settling the region.
During this time most of the Acadians were expelled by the English where 2/3 of them died going back to France. The Acadians of South Louisiana came from this area because Louisiana was a French, at that time, colony.
After the colonial wars, New England Planters and Foreign Protestants settled Nova Scotia. After the American Revolution, the colony was settled by Loyalists. During the nineteenth century, Nova Scotia became self-governing in 1848 and joined the Canadian Confederation in 1867.
The colonial history of Nova Scotia includes the present-day Canadian Maritime provinces and northern Maine, all of which were at one time part of Nova Scotia. In 1763 Cape Breton Island (which we visited on this trip) and St. John’s Island (what is now Prince Edward Island – visited in previous post) became part of Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia included present-day New Brunswick (we will post about part of this region in another post to follow) until that province was established in 1784.
Let me say, this place is beyond beautiful. Please add this to your must see list.